​Lohman Eye Care Associates

Our office is equipped to evaluate you for many health conditions that affect the eyes:

Age Related Macular Degeneration:​

Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is a disease that affects central vision. It is a common cause of vision loss in people over age 60. Only the center of your vision is affected, so people rarely go blind from the disease. However, ARMD can make detailed tasks such as reading and driving difficult. 

The macula is the center of the retina that contains many nerve cells. They transform light into signals that tell the brain what you are seeing. There are 2 forms of ARMD-dry and wet. Dry ARMD affects 90% of those with the disease and its cause is unknown. Slowly the light sensitive cells within the macula break down and less of the macula functions.

Wet ARMD is responsible for severe vision loss from the disease. It occurs when new

blood vessels under the retina start growing toward the macula. These new vessels

tend to be fragile and often leak blood and fluid under the macula. This causes

rapid damage and leads to central vision loss.

Risk Factors

People over the age of 75 have a 30% risk of developing ARMD. Smoking and family

history have both  been linked to increased risk. Visual symptoms include blurred or

distorted vision.

Macular Degeneration hits close to home for us.  These photo's are a family member.


Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve. Glaucoma affects side or peripheral vision first. African Americans are at higher risk, starting at a younger age.

More than 520,000 African Americans have glaucoma. May exceed 860,000 by 2030.

How can you focus on your vision?
If you are 40 or older, have a comprehensive dilated eye exam every 1 to 2 years.

Healthy Vision Tips

Here are some lifestyle tips to help you focus on your vision:

Get regular comprehensive dilated eye exams.
Know your family’s eye health history.
Eat a nutritious diet.
Wear protective eyewear.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Quit smoking or never start.
Control your diabetes.
Wear sunglasses when outside.
For more information about eye health, visit  www.nei.nih.gov/glaucoma.

Diabetic Retinopathy:   Facts About Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes.   

These conditions include:

  1. diabetic retinopathy, 
  2. diabetic macular edema (DME), 
  3. cataract, 
  4. and glaucoma
  5. All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness.
  6. Diabetic retinopathy involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision.
  7. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes and a leading cause of blindness among working-age adults.
  8. Diabetic Macular Edema is a consequence of diabetic retinopathy that causes swelling in the area of the retina called the macula.

Controlling diabetes—by taking medications as prescribed, staying physically active, and maintaining a healthy diet—can prevent or delay vision loss.

Because diabetic retinopathy often goes unnoticed until vision loss occurs, people with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year.  Early detection, timely treatment, and appropriate follow-up care of diabetic eye disease can protect against vision loss.
Diabetic retinopathy can be treated with several therapies, used alone or in combination.

Cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens. Adults with diabetes are 2-5 times more likely than those without diabetes to develop cataract. Cataract also tends to develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve—the bundle of nerve fibers that connects the eye to the brain. Some types of glaucoma are associated with elevated pressure inside the eye. In adults, diabetes nearly doubles the risk of glaucoma.
A comprehensive dilated eye exam allows the doctor to check the retina for:  

  1. Changes to blood vessels
  2. Leaking blood vessels or warning signs of leaky blood vessels, such as fatty deposits
  3. Swelling of the macula (DME)
  4. Changes in the lens
  5. Damage to nerve tissue

The National Eye Institute (NEI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is the Federal government’s lead agency for vision research that leads to sight-saving treatments and plays a key role in reducing visual impairment and blindness.
Department of Health and Human Services | The National Institutes of Health |  USA.gov
NIH…Turning Discovery Into Health ®

Dry Macular Degeneration


Diabetic Hemorrhage

Wet Macular Degeneration